sk on wonder and doubt


I now ask: How do I become a Christian?

 Soren Aaby Kierkegaard lived eighteen hundred years after the Christian Era (CE) had been inaugurated through the life and teachings of Jesus Christ. Christ chose twelve single individuals to follow him. He demonstrated to them what it means to be like God, his Father. These twelve became seventy and then the seventy single individuals […]

Count Zinzendorf 1700-1760

Count Zinzendorf of Herrnhut and the Moravians, by Frederic Henry Hedge 1805-1890 p. 8Nicolaus Ludwig Zinzendorf.jpg8-63   When the late Dr. Greenwood, the beloved pastor of King’s Chapel, Boston, published, in 1830, the collection of “Psalms and Hymns for Christian Worship” still used by that church, he made us acquainted with certain hymns, before unknown to most […]

From Ansgar to Kierkegaard As full of infirmity, yet as full of a wonderful life-power, as the history of the church in other lands of Europe, is the story of the Christian Church in Denmark and the north. It is now for a thousand years that these lands have enjoyed the knowledge of God; and […]

 Christian Wolff 1679–1754

The Aufklärung was an essentially German school of rationalist philosophy that began in 1706 when Christian Wolff (1679–1754) was appointed professor of mathematics at Halle-Wittenberg University. His lectures were delivered in German and soon philosophy replaced mathematics. He said if one of King Frederick William’s guards decided to desert the King would be unjust if […]

Christian Wolff.jpg

The following is an excerpt from Hans Martensen’s 1870 English edition of Christian Ethics, Socialism and Individualism Individualism may, like socialism, appear in different circles of life, and we may thus speak of a political, an ecclesiastical, and a religious individualism. This religious individualism has in our century unquestionably found its most important and its […]

Kierkegaard’s Sermon at Trinity Church Feb. 24, 1844

 Sk Black 1
A Sermon Preached by Soren Kierkegaard in Trinity Church, Copenhagen, on 24 February 1844 From JOHANNES CLIMACUS, or DE OMNIBUS DUBITANDUM EST and A Sermon, Translated, with an assessment, by T.H. Croxall, DD., Stanford University Press, Stanford, California, Copyright 1958 A. and C. Black Ltd. A Sermon Text: I Corinthians 2: 6-9. We discuss […]

 Prayers of Kierkegaard Barber 2

Søren Kierkegaard, The Unchangeableness of God (excerpt)

This work, though called a religious discourse, was actually a sermon that Kierkegaard preached in the Church of the Citadel, Kastellet, Copenhagen on May 18, 1851. It’s preface is dated May 5, 1854, Kierkegaard’s forty-first birthday. It was published in August 1855. It was based on The Epistle of James 1: 7-2 1. Every good […]

Training (Practice) in Christianity 1850

 Slide4Militant not Triumphant, Thomas Fuller 1608-1661 Triumphant perfection is not to be hoped for in the militant church; there will be in it many spots and wrinkles as long as it consisteth of sinful mortal men, the members thereof: it is Christ’s work, not man’s work, to make a perfect reformation. Such, therefore, […]

Works of Love Introduction 1944

Kierkegaard's published works.

Kierkegaard’s published works.

 Works of Love by Soren Kierkegaard 1847 translated from the Danish by David F. Swenson and Lillian Marvin Swenson with an introduction by Douglas V. Steere, Princeton University Press 1946 Introduction: Some great writers are more articulate than others about what they believe to have been the mission of their career as an author. Soren […]

Purity of Heart 1847 Introduction 1938

 the church in england 1100 - 1189

When the concepts are shaken in an upheaval that is more terrible than an earthquake, when the truth is hated and its witness persecuted-what then? Must the witness submit to the world? Yes. But does that mean all is lost? No, on the contrary. We remain convinced of this, and thus no proof is needed, […]

The adage has it that a pound of gold and a pound of feathers weigh the same, and is surely true, but when we add that in another and more important sense the two magnitudes cannot be weighted together. Why not? Because the scale cannot indicate that the one pound is gold and the other pound is feathers, that is, because the gold has a special value that makes it meaningless to weigh gold and feathers together. So it is also here with the two stated magnitudes. The distinction is not between happiness and suffering, but between eternal happiness and temporal suffering. The relation is this misrelation, and that it is a misrelation shows up most clearly in this, that the relation between temporal bliss and eternal happiness is the same misrelation, that temporal bliss amounts to nothing compared to eternal happiness, and it is also the very same with temporal suffering.

Upbuilding Discourses in Various Spirits, p. 318-319

In eternity you will not be asked how large a fortune you are leaving behind-the survivors ask about that; or about how many battles you won, about how sagacious you were, how powerful your influence-that after all, becomes your reputation for posterity. No, eternity will not ask about what worldly things you leave behind you in the world. But it will ask about what riches you have gathered in heaven, about how often you conquered your own mind, about what control you have exercised over yourself or whether you have been a slave, about how often you have mastered yourself in self-denial or whether you have never done so, about how often you in self-denial have been willing to make a sacrifice for a good cause or whether you were never willing, about how often you in self-denial have forgiven your enemy, whether seven times or seventy times seven times, about how often you have suffered, not for your own sake, for your own selfish interests’ sake, but what you in self-denial have suffered for God’s sake.

Søren Kierkegaard 1847 Upbuilding Discourses in Various Spirits, Hong p. 223-224



Crucial Situations as Stages 1845


Soren Kierkegaard published two books in 1845, one was signed by him and the other was published under a pseudonym, Hilarius Bookbinder. He began publishing his books in 1843 at the age of 30, possibly following Christ, with the intention of not existing anymore by 1846 at the age of 33. He identified three modes […]

The Inner Voice

 Elijah in a cave talking to God

Soren Aabye Kierkegaard lived at a time when the proofs of Christianity were debated in universities. Miracles were questioned by philosophers and theologians responded to their questions. Books were written on one side and the other and libraries were filled. Kierkegaard was firmly  against the over use of external proofs and advocated the testimony of […]

Anxiety and Mediation

Job to Aristotle

Job to Aristotle

“I would not have deprived myself so long of the honour and pleasure of obeying the request of a lady who is the ornament of her sex, in communicating the desired information, if I had not deemed it necessary previously to inform myself thoroughly concerning the subject of your request. . . . Permit me, […]

Gaining the soul

Artwork by Max Klinger 1857-1920

Artwork by Max Klinger 1857-1920

(All quotes from Eighteen Upbuilding Discourses) Three of Kierkegaard’s Edifying Discourses discussed here were translated by David F. Swenson and are available here. The next three books Kierkegaard wrote were all signed by himself. He had two authorships, one hidden and the other open to others. The pseudonymous character in Repetition differs greatly from Job […]

Repetition, Fear, and Love

e-o to ft kierkegaard

 Soren Kierkegaard published Either/Or under the pseudonym Victor Erimeta and his Two Upbuilding Discourses in his own name. He used this method of authorship throughout his writings. His next books were all published on the same date, October 16, 1843. Repetition: An Essay in experimenting Psychology by the pseudonym  Constantin Constantius Fear and Trembling, Dialectical […]

Spreading the Word of God

Spreading the Word of God

Soren Kierkegaard paired Either/Or with his first book with his own name on it, Two Upbuilding Discourses May 16, 1843. If you had loved people then the earnestness of life might have taught you not to be strident but to become silent, and when you were in distress at sea and did not see land, […]

Kierkegaard and blake
Father in heaven! Teach us to pray rightly so that our hearts may open up to you in prayer and supplication and hide no furtive desire that we know is not acceptable to you, nor any secret fear that you will deny us anything that will truly be for our good, so that the labouring […]


 Andersen, Muller, & Kierkegaard

 Soren Kierkegaard the Christian thinker

Georg Brandes lived from 1842-1927 and wrote these essays about Hans Christian Andersen and Frederik Paludan-Muller in his book Eminent Authors of the Nineteenth Century.  Brandes also included Ibsen in his essays. He mentioned Kierkegaard in these essays so I have put them here. All the essays in his book are in public domain. Kierkegaard […]




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J. Glenn Friesen

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